The fruit is brown colored large berry which has 2 to 5 big, shiny and black colored seeds and chickoo benefits. The flesh is pale brown in color, smooth and buttery in feel with exceptionally sweet taste.
The raw fruit has a high latex content and a bit of latex remains even in the ripe fruit. The raw fruit skin is rough and leathery and it becomes smooth on ripening. an overripe fruit tastes mushy and fermented.
It is healthier to eat chickoo along with the skin.
The Chikoo Fruit
Uses Of The Chickoo Tree And Fruit
The fruit is normally eaten as it is. It can be used to make milkshakes, smoothies, icecreams etc. In some countries it is crushed and boiled to make a syrup.
The gummy chickle is used to make gum in a big way some years back but this has now been mostly taken over by latex from other trees and other synthetic gums.
The wood is strong and durable and is used to make flooring, wooden carts, tool handles and railway crossties.
The red heartwood is used for making archer’s bows, furniture, bannisters etc.
The bark is used by Philippine fisherman to tint their sails and fishing lines as it is rich in tannins.
Chickoo Fruits On The Tree
Nutrients In Chickoo
- Chickoo is abundant in fructose and sucrose.
- It is good source of dietary fiber.
- Rich in calories, provides about 83 calories per 100 grams.
- Contains tannins, the polyphenolic antioxidants.
- Chickoo contains a number of minerals like iron, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, copper and potassium as well as the Vitamins A, C, thiamine, niacin, pantothenic acid and folate.
Chickoo Flower and Buds
Nutrients In Chikoo
Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota), fresh,
Nutritive value per 100 g.
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Percentage of RDA
Health Benefits Of Chickoo
- The dietary fiber prevents constipation and also binds to the toxins and eliminates them from the body thus protecting against colon cancer.
- The fruit has tannins that have anti inflammatory properties thus benefiting in gastritis, reflux esophagitis and bowel disorders.
- The high levels of Vitamin C and the levels of Vitamin A help to keep the mucus membranes and skin healthy. Vitamin C also boosts immunity, prevents infections and scavenges free radicals as well.
- Chickoo is a good anti diarrheal, hemostatic and is useful in piles because of the tannin content.
- The magnesium, calcium and phosphorus keep the bones strong while the magnesium benefits the heart and blood vessels.
- The fruit is a diuretic and prevents kidney disease.
- Potassium helps to regulate blood pressure and promote healthy circulation.
- Folate and iron help to prevent anemia.
- Chickoo strengthens the intestines and improves their performance.
- A decoction of the bark is good for fevers and diarrhea.
- The ground seeds are applied as a paste to alleviate sings and bites.
- Tea made of the bark also treats dysentery while the leaves are useful in treating cough, colds and diarrhea.