Phalsa tree has a scientific name Grewia asiatica which comes under the shrub category with a height of 8 m, the leaves are broadly rounded with a length and breadth of 5-18 cm and a petiole with 1-1.5 cm. The flowers are together as a bunch with 5 larger sepals and 5 smaller petals. It is mostly cultivated for both its sweet and sour acidic fruits, commercially doing good in the summer months holding a name falsa, they turn out to be black when they ripen. The fruit is a globose drupe with 1.8-2.2 cm in diameter minutely divided with a color of red or purple, the outer covering has a horny texture and stellate hairs , the flesh is so soft with mixed shades of greenish-white and purplish-red.
Since their wood is strong and elastic they can be used to prepare shafts for golf sticks, shoulder poles and also for bearing small loads, bows, spear handles and shingles on to it.
The shoots from the tree are used in making baskets for carrying fruits and vegetables.
Their bark is very useful in making ropes due to the presence of a good amount of fiber, and also used in the process of clarification of sugarcane juice and also to prepare the traditional and famous brown sugar ‘gur’
These fruits are used as a desert when they are ripe , Owing to their taste and flavor they fetch a high cost. The juice prepared is a delicacy in India especially in summer.
The fruits have many number of medical applications , the paste of the leaves cures skin ailments like eczema, eruptions, heals and wounds,
the fruits rawer part helps in curing blood disorders, fevers, inflammations , purification of blood also acts as a medicine for respiratory problems such as asthma, bronchitis, colds, coughs and sore throat
It solves urinary problems such as burning and their juice helps ease the problem of high acidity and indigestion.
The seeds are used for treating gonorrhea and fertility related problems, also safeguards from sunstroke and heals anemia .
The barks infusion is used in the treatment of rheumatism and diarrhea .
Nutrients in Falsa
|Calories from fat (Kcal)||0.0|
|Dietary Fiber (g)||5.53|
|Vitamin A (µg)||16.11|
|Vitamin B1,Thiamin (mg)||0.02|
|Vitamin B2, Riboflavin (mg)||0.264|
|Vitamin B3, Niacin (mg)||0.825|
|Vitamin C, Ascorbic acid (mg)||4.385|